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Definition & Terms of Movement

Definition of Movement

Movement is medicine…

Movement is medicine…

Movement Definitions

The terms movement, physical activity and exercise are often used interchangeably, but there are subtle differences between them that we need to consider. Here are some definitions and terms listed based around movement and fitness.

AEROBIC (CARDIO)

— aerobic exercise is exercise of low-to-medium intensity that depends primarily on the use of oxygen to meet energy demands via aerobic metabolism.

EXERCISE

— is a subset of physical activity that usually comprises planned, structured and repetitive movement that one engages in for the pursuit of developing or maintaining physical fitness and health.

FITNESS

— is the ability to perform daily, recreational and extraordinary physical tasks efficiently and effectively.

HIIPA

— “High-Intensity, Incidental Physical Activity” activities such as brisk walk up the stairs or brief exercise snacks based around daily tasks.

HIIT

— “High-Intensity, Interval Training” exercise activities that work at short intervals of high-intensities with intermittent rest for brief periods.

INCIDENTAL MOVEMENT

— is any activity that is part of one’s day that is not done with the purpose of health or fitness and requires no major demands on discretionary time.



LISS

— “Low-Intensity, Steady-State” exercise, physical activities such as a gentle stroll.

MOVEMENT

— is the process of any change in the position of the body (or a body part) in space, ranging from the ever-so-slight, such as the involuntary blink of an eye, to the most strenuous of vigorous whole-body activities, like sprinting.

NEAT

— “Non-Exercise Activity Thermogenesis “ , the energy expenditure of all physical activities other than sleeping, exercise or sport.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

— is any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscle that results in energy expenditure, which is beyond that of the body at rest; this could include activities such as, walking, gardening or climbing stairs.

PHYSICAL INACTIVITY

— a type of lifestyle with a lack of physical activity, defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as less than 150 minutes of moderate physical activity per week. Physical inactivity has been identified as the fourth leading risk factor for mortality globally, 6% of all deaths.

PROPRIOCEPTION

— the body’s ability to recognize where its joints and limbs are located in space.

RESISTANCE (STRENGTH)

— a form of exercise that improves muscular strength and endurance. Resistance training involves moving your limbs against resistance provided by your body or additional weight.

SEDENTARY LIFESTYLE

— a type of lifestyle with little or no physical activity; it can contribute to ill health and many preventable causes of death.

TRAINING

— is exercise performed to satisfy a long-term performance or skill goal, which is planned and structured.


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